The team at CAH is here to help you, whether you are a veterinarian looking to refer a patient or a client that would like some additional information on some of our exclusive services. During the referral process, our team will stay in close contact with the referring veterinarian to ensure they are up to date on your pets care. Our referral services include Orthopaedic, Canine Rehabilitation, Holistic Consultations, Acupuncture, Behaviour Consultations, Stem Cell Therapy, Ultrasonography, as well as Endoscopy. For more information, please do not hesitate to contact us anytime at 902-865-8110.
To refer a patient to Dr. Moncayo for acupuncture, please see our referral form here.
Acupuncture is the insertion of needles into specific points of the body to induce healing.
Acupuncture has been practiced in China for over 4000 years. Its use in animals goes back at least 2000 years. Acupuncture is a therapeutic technique of what the west has defined as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In animal medicine, we use the term Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM). Acupuncture is to TCVM what surgery is to western medicine. In modern western medicine, the application of surgery is the result of a thorough diagnosis and analysis of a case. Similarly, the application of acupuncture is the result of a thorough TCVM diagnosis.
Simply put, TCVM is based on the concept of Qi. Qi [pronounced chee] is the life force that makes cells and organs work. Qi flows through every part of the body, moving the machinery. Just like rain that wets and permeates the soil but finds paths and forms streams running downhill, Qi finds channels in the body where it runs with higher intensity. The channels are also known as meridians. The organs depend on Qi for their functioning, and their functioning affects the Qi that flows to other organs. Each organ is connected to a pair of channels which feed into other pairs of channels connected to another organ.
Thus, in TCVM the organism is seen as a network of organs interconnected by channels with Qi circulating through. In the healthy organism, Qi flows unobstructedly; all organs are working in tandem, taking from and passing sufficient Qi to other organs, to maintain the balance. However, because of environmental forces (food, climate, social interactions, microbes, etc), an organ or a channel may be affected and thrown off balance; eventually, all of the organs and channels will be affected.
A TCVM diagnosis is a definition of the type of malfunction that is occurring, and of the primary organs involved. Even when looking at a problem that may seem entirely local, such as a damaged spinal disc or an arthritic joint, one must detect the type of malfunction in the primary channels affected, as well as in the related organ and any other organs and channels that may be affected.
The TCVM diagnosis defines the point formula used, i.e., the combination of places where the needles are placed. Age and medical history are also essential for a successful and safe treatment because certain points or point formulas best suit certain cases and should be avoided in others (some points cannot be used in pregnant animals; some point formulas must be avoided in older patients that may have cardiac problems). The effect of other drugs that the animal is taking must also be considered because drugs affect organs selectively in a way determined by the patient’s constitution (genetic makeup).
Acupuncture is a complex and powerful method of medicine that is extremely effective in animals when used with the foundations of TCVM. Acupuncture is used all over the world, either by itself or in conjunction with standard medicine, to treat a wide variety of maladies in animals. Acupuncture is indicated mainly for problems that involve paralysis, noninfectious inflammations, urinary problems, and pain.
Primary indications are:
- Musculoskeletal problems such as arthritis or vertebral disk pathology, paralysis,
- Chronic Diarrhea (Irritable Bowel)
- Neurological deficits (paralysis, hind end weakness, urinary incontinence, etc.)
- Geriatric Issues (Acupuncture helps to stabilize aging animals, helping to control senile behaviour)
- Prevention of Injury (Acupuncture prevents injuries in working and sporting dogs)
To refer a patient to Dr. Yazer for a behaviour consult, please see our referral form here.
Behavioural issues are extraordinarily common, and can result in very serious problems for pets and their owners. Relationships with pets can suffer greatly and cause enormous stress for owners and pets alike. In some cases, these issues can even lead to pets being abandoned or euthanized.
If you have a pet who exhibits any of the behaviours listed below, there's a good chance that they need some special assistance, and that we can help them here at Cobequid Animal Hospital.
- Fearful or anxious behaviour at the groomer, Vet, etc.
- Fears/phobias relating to encountering people, other animals, noises, specific events/places, etc.
- Urinating or defecating in the house
- Unruliness, jumping up on people; general lack of manners/impulse-control
- Destructive behaviour in the home
- Anxieties around being left alone
- Repetitive or compulsive behaviours
- Self-inflicted injuries
- Excessive vocalization (barking, meowing)
- Old-age changes in mental ability
- Give us a call to arrange a Behaviour Consult for any pet you feel may be having these problems.
To refer a patient to Dr. Runnalls for canine rehabilitation, please see our referral form here.
Canine rehabilitation can be compared to physical therapy in humans and can help your pet in the same way. The focus of canine rehabilitation is on soft tissue rather than on bones and joints. Treatment goals are functional, designed to optimize movement and quality of life for the patient. Certified rehabilitation professionals complete many hours of coursework and hands-on training to earn their specialized certification. They perform evaluations to measure your pet’s progress and to manage their on-going treatment.
Dr. Angie Runnalls is one of our owners and veterinarians here at Cobequid Animal Hospital. In addition to her regular veterinary general practice, she has completed her Certified Canine Rehabilitation Therapy from the Canine Rehabilitation Institute in 2016. She has a special interest in senior patients with chronic mobility issues and arthritis. Your pet’s therapy is tailored to their specific presentation and requirement. Our goal is to develop a therapy plan that helps enable patients to achieve a comfortable and active life based on the goals of each individual family. In many cases, Acupuncture therapy which is provided by Dr. Fernando Moncayo can add additional benefits to your pet’s rehabilitation treatment plan.
Manual Therapies- Massage, Stretching, Joint Mobilization
Modalities- Laser, PEMF Bed & E-Stim/TENS
Home Exercise Programs
Who Can Benefit:
To refer a patient to Dr. Collard for ultrasonography, please see our referral form here.
Commonly referred to as ultrasound, ultrasonography uses sound waves as a non-invasive means to get an actual look at what is going on inside your pet’s body.
Dr. George Collard performs both our abdominal and cardiac ultrasounds.
An ultrasound is often recommended when a pet has abnormal values in their blood work or an x-ray that requires follow up. The images from the ultrasound can be superior to that of X-ray as it can provide better visualization of internal organ tissue and fluid. Often times, radiology (X-ray) and ultrasonography work wonderfully together to form a complete picture of what's going on inside.
Ultrasound is commonly used in monitoring pregnancies, identifying growths or tumors, staging cancers and verifying the proper functioning of major organs such as the heart. Ultrasound is also used to guide biopsy procedures.
What happens during an ultrasound? The hair over the area to be evaluated will be shaved, as hair will interfere with the images. A gel (water soluble and safe) will be applied to the skin to help the sound waves generate a good picture. A transducer (similar in size and shape to a TV remote control) is placed on the patient’s skin and slowly moved around over the area to be examined. The ultrasound is computerized so it can be used to accurately measure the tissues as needed. In addition, images can be stored electronically. Ultrasonography is an invaluable tool in veterinary medicine. It is also tolerated well with patients, as it’s non-invasive and usually completed in 30-60 minutes.
To refer a patient to Dr. Moncayo for a holistic medicine consultation, please see our referral form here.
Homeopathy is a therapeutic modality that treats disease by stimulating the animal’s own healing mechanisms. This is achieved using medicines specifically manufactured for homeopathic use, prescribed according to the sick animal’s unique pattern of signs and symptoms.
The exact mechanism of action of homeopathic medicines, regarding current physiology, has not been established; however, it is generally postulated that homeopathic medicines act using a combination of actions on enzymes and regulatory genes.
Animals have an inherent ability to heal themselves. Their genes (genome) contain all of the information required to reconstruct all of the normal structures (tissues, organs) and functions (e.g., metabolic pathways) of the organism. When an animal falls ill, the organism initiates a regeneration process to repair any damage caused by the disease. Very ill animals in general and chronically ill animals, in particular, have impaired repairing mechanisms.
Every animal is unique because it has a unique genetic makeup and a unique environmental history. Therefore, it responds to disease and injuries uniquely. On the surface, two animals afflicted with a disease, say epilepsy, have the same clinical signs, namely convulsions. However, if we investigate carefully, we will notice differences in the way the convulsions occur. One may have convulsions occurring predominantly at night, the other early in the morning. Similarly, a cat with asthma may hide when having an attack while another may become cuddly and stick around people. We can get to very high levels of resolution by noticing the unique location and colour of lesions, response to weather and to the social environment. With this analysis, a unique picture of the ill animal emerges. The unique characteristics of the disease as it appears in a particular animal are an expression of a unique pattern of blocked genes and enzymes induced by the disease itself.
It follows that for the animal to fight the disease, his inactive genes and enzymes need to be reactivated. Whereas a sick animal has a pattern of inactive genes and enzymes that is different from any other animal that has a similar disease, the treatment must be designed specifically for the individual patient.
Medicines can inhibit function at a high dose and stimulate function at a low dose (or high dilutions). In a homeopathic drug trial (known as proving), medicine is given in high and repeated doses until it causes signs and symptoms (associated with gene and enzyme inhibition). The signs and symptoms and the pattern of gene and enzyme inhibition are unique to the medicine. If the same medicine is given at a high dilution (as they are manufactured for homeopathic use) to an animal presenting a pattern of signs and symptoms similar to the pattern induced by the medicine in the homeopathic drug trial, the signs and symptoms of the sick animal are reverted (genes and enzymes are reactivated). This is called Homeopathy, or ‘cure with similars.’
To refer a patient to Dr. Collard or Dr. Osborne for orthopaedic surgery, please see our referral form here.
Stem Cell Therapy
To refer a patient to Dr. Yazer for stem cell therapy, please see our referral form here.
Stem cell therapy uses your pet's own cells to help repair wounds and reduce signs of disease, rather than relying on drugs.
This is an exciting advance in veterinary medicine, and an excellent treatment option for dogs and cats with orthopedic conditions or injuries, even those who haven’t had good results with other treatments or medications.
Common uses in Veterinary medicine currently include:
- Tendon/ligament injuries
Owners generally report significant long-term improvements in their pet’s comfort, happiness, and quality of life.
Stem cells are also being explored as treatment for:
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Heart disease
- Immune-mediated disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
What is a stem cell?
Stem cells are immature undeveloped cells which have not yet become any particular tissue type.
They can divide indefinitely and develop into tissues like bone, cartilage, nerve, muscle, etc.
Where do stem cells come from?
Veterinarians at Cobequid Animal Hospital can harvest samples of fat from your pet, which will then be used to gather stem cells to aid in healing and repair.
(Embryos are not used in this process.)
What can stem cells do?
- Stem cells can be induced to develop into a desired cell type to help heal injuries and repair damaged tissue.
- They can “balance” inflammation while also promoting tissue growth and healing. Some small amount of inflammation is beneficial to healing, and stem cells have been shown to increase OR decrease it as needed.
How do we use them?
Measured doses of the patient’s own stem cells can be injected into affected joints, intravenously, and/or into the abdomen.
Noticeable improvements are sometimes seen as soon as a few days after the injections.
How long can the benefits last?
In some cases, only one treatment is needed, but often repeat injections are necessary.
The lab can save and store stem cells from the initial fat harvest for future treatments, and can even culture them indefinitely so patients never need another collection surgery!
Ask your Vet about stem cell therapy, and what it can do for your dog or cat.
We treat your pets as if they were our own.
Sat: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
In case of emergency:
We are a Member Hospital in the Metro Animal Emergency Clinic service. For emergencies occurring outside of business hours, please contact the Emergency Clinic directly by phoning (902) 468-0674. The Metro Area Emergency Clinic is open 24 hours. MAEC is located in Burnside Industrial Park at 201 #32 Brownlow Ave.
Drop us a line!
Have a question? Please don't hesitate to contact us using the form below. If you need immediate assistance, please call our team directly at 902-865-8110.